The Coin Ritual

Have you ever heard of challenge coins? Nope, these are not shiny objects found in the arcade, nor something you can buy food with. These items are part of a grand tradition, a custom practiced by some organizations and even a powerful unit in the country – the Military.

So what’s the connection of coins with the forces that protect our nation? We’ll walk you through the idea of challenge coins and the concepts surrounding it.

The main idea behind the use of these coins is identity.

challenge coins

While companies have identification cards given to their employees, bearing their name, employee number, and signatures, other organizations have these coins that bear their companies insignia, or their coat of arms. Bearers of this coin associate their membership to the organization whose insignia is reflected in the coin.

The history of challenge coins can be traced back decades ago. The earliest users of the coins are the members military, specifically during the World War I. As the soldiers travelled away to the war, uncertain of their futures or prospects of coming back, they kept a coin from their homes as a remembrance of their households, and remained in their pockets as a keepsake after the conflict.

Other stories about the origins of the coin are also present. One of which allegedly took place in Ancient Rome. The coin was a reward for a soldier’s valor. If a soldier performs well in his duties, we will receive his daily wage, with a separate coin as recognition of his good performance. The coin, some say, is embalmed with a special insignia, which is why some people who receive it opt to keep it as a token of their hardwork.

Another story about the origins of the coin talks about the Korean War. A colonel allegedly had coins made for his men to wear during the war. The coins had a hold in the middle, so the soldiers can wear it around their necks.

Truth be told, the history of the challenge coins is very difficult to trace back. But what Is consistent throughout all of the stories is its presence in wars and the military. The coin is generally a symbol of the men’s bravery during the time of war. It is a keepsake, a token of their service to the country. It is their pride as soldiers, their identities as part of a unit. The coins are also a way to identify the members of the unit and avoid infiltration by spies. By using coins, military units are able to weed out potential espionage and remain in confidentiality.

These days, the coin has been adapted as a symbol of identity by many organizations, and has become part of an interesting rite. Simply put, you need to always bring your coin, or you’ll be buying everyone drinks.

That’s the challenge part. When one shows his coin, everyone else who is supposed to be a member of the organization must be able to show their coin to prove their membership. If everyone is able to show their coin, then the challenger must buy everyone drinks. Failure to follow these protocols will result to confiscation of the coin. This activity can be done anywhere and anytime.

This system can help unify the military organization, and obviously a fun way to get some free drinks. It’s amazing to participate in this rite with rich history. Even government officials and presidents of the United States have their own challenge coins. Dignitaries and international partners are also presented a coin as a sign of welcome to the country. Above all, it’s a celebration of service and valor to the country.

Traditionally, challenge coins were used for identification purposes. Dignitaries and also global companions may also be introduced a new coin as being a indication associated with welcome for the country.

What’s so Different About MLS Long Island Listings?

One of the biggest pros of living in Long Island is that fact that it’s near one of the best states in the Union: New York. But there’s more to Long Island MLS’s than meets the eye. And we have can get you the best of what’s different from our listings.

Any other listing in New York will place you right in the middle of the hustle and bustle of this metropolitan center of activity. Everyone wants to make it big in New York. But if you ask us, we can get you the hustle and bustle plus a whole new world of difference just a train ride away in Long Island.

MLS long islandSituated from the end of the New York Harbor and extending into the ocean, Long Island provides a different taste of this utopian state. Here, you won’t find skyscrapers and business establishments conquering the streets. In Long Island, we can get you the best of the metro and the best of the suburbs in one lovely piece of property.

The first thing you’ll notice is that you’re not living in New York City by the way things look. The rush of work and businesses and large billboards is nowhere to be seen. Instead, you get quiet farms, lovely drives, breathtaking beaches and a long list of cultural and historic treasures that sets this stretch of land apart from anything else. During the day, the scenery can be quite serene but breathtaking at the same time. The country drives and the beaches are simply majestic. And when night comes, the houses light up. Creating some of the most relaxing sights any New Yorker will never find in the city.

And because of its “separated” approach from the center of the United States, it’s the perfect breeding spot for cultural events that can satisfy even the most jaded cynic. The various parks and attractions here host musical and theatrical events at regular intervals. The indie soul inside of you will find artistic release here.

Another thing that sets LI listings apart from other areas is that you’ll find yourself right in the middle of capitalist heaven. There is nothing that is outside your budget here. From houses to properties to accommodations to everyday necessities, you’ll be able to get them at reasonable prices. And it’s not because things are backward here. It’s more “laidback” than it is undeveloped. And people like it that way on Long Island.

One more aspect of LI lifestyles that has captured the hearts of many is the cuisine. Since it’s an island, you’re surrounded by countless beaches to suit your fancy. From the Hamptons to the East-End, there will be a beach for you. It’s the perfect spot for relaxation to get away from the concrete jungle.

And you know what beaches mean. There’s also an abundance of seafood cuisine catered by so many seafood restaurants on the island. Whether its clam, fish, shrimp or lobster, you’ll find your fix here. Whether you like them steamed, cooked, fried or even grilled, you’ll find what you’re looking for and probably some new acquired tastes that will reinforce your love for seafood even more.

Real estateAnd because LI is a melting pot of cultures that drizzle from New York, you can also find some of the best (yet most affordable) Italian cuisine in the Union. You won’t have to go to a fancy Italian restaurant just to be able to enjoy a sophisticated plate of Penne or a sumptuous serving of ravioli. Plenty of Italian restaurants on Long Island provide this certain style of cooking without the extravagant costs that come with more “metropolitan” Italian restaurants.

But finally, most people who sign up with Long Island MSL listings are mostly interested in the classic charm of the many port towns and villages located along the island. There is nothing quite like waking up next to a serene body of water. The expanse of the sea makes everything seem very peaceful yet empowering at the same time. And to get a piece of property in these areas means you have the perfect vacation spot which can also turn into a permanent residence if you work in the city. Either way, you’re still a winner.

The bottom line is, you don’t look for a piece of property on LI because you’re after the lifestyle of the Big Apple. You want to live on LI to be able to enjoy other pleasures that the metro can’t possibly offer. The peace and quiet of a good stroll, the charm of old-school historic sites, the allure of cultural and music festivals all come together on this small expanse of land.

And we can make it happen for you. We have the best brokers who will help you with your MLS Long Island listings and find the perfect spot for you. Is it the beaches you’re after? What about the restaurants? Are you interested in the museums? Our brokers are trained to connect you with that dream house and lot that’s waiting for you on LI. It will give you the best of both worlds: direct access to the Big Apple and a portal to the quiet countryside.

We are your first and one stop shop for Long island real estate. Whether its residential, commercial, buy, rent or sell we can assist with the best MLS long Island listing.

List of Common Technical Terms in PCB Fabrication

There are so many technical terms when it comes to the fabrication of printed circuit boards (PCBs) that an ordinary person would be lost when they encounter them.

This article will reveal some of the most common PCB fabrication terminologies and their meanings.

Here they are:

1. Additive method

A method in PCB fabrication where copper is placed directly onto the board following the PCB design instead of etching.Opposite of the subtractive method.

2. AOI

Automatic Optical Inspection. This is a computer software used to locate errors in the design of a printed circuit board.


PCB FabricationBill of Materials. This is simply a list of electronic parts that will be used in a specific design of a PCB. The list must include descriptions of each piece and references to their functions. BOM is commonly used when ordering electronic components from suppliers.

4. CAD

Computer Aided Design. This is a computer software used to design circuit board layouts.

5. CAM

Computer Aided Manufacturing. The term CAM files is actually more widely used. CAM files are the final product of a PCB design. These are the files sent to a PCB manufacturer for processing. Some types of CAM files are Gerber, NC Drill, and pen plotter files. Today, the industry standard are Extended Gerber files or RS274X.

6. CAS

Computer Aided System. Similar to Computer Aided Design (CAD).

7. Gerber file

Is one of the data outputs of CAD. This is the current industry standard, specifically the Extended Gerber or RS274X.

8. HDI

High Density Interconnect. This is the most modern PCB configuration after single-sided laminate, double-sided laminate, and multi-layer.

9. Laminating presser

A device used in multi-layer PCB fabrication that gives pressure and heat to laminate stacked up boards.

10. Laser photoplotter

This device is an upgrade from the vector photoplotter. It uses lasers to create a finer image from CAD files.

11. Route

A layout of a connection in the circuit; the act of making or designing such connection.

12. NC Drill

Numeric Controlled Drill. This is a computer-controlled device used to drill holes on a PCB. This is also popularly known as CNC drill.

13. NC Drill file

A data text file containing specific instructions on the exact locations of holes to be drilled on a PCB.

14. PCB database

This is the collection of all important data regarding a PCB design. This is stored as computer files.

15. Plated-thru hole

A hole in the PCB that is metal-plated to be a soldering point or a via.

16. PWA

Printed Wiring Assembly. Another term for Printed Circuit Board (PCB).

17. PWB

Printed Wiring Board. This is an empty PCB, without any electronic parts or components yet. There is already a pattern printed on it, but without the parts soldered onto it, it is not yet considered a PWA.

18. Schematic Diagram

an image that represents electronic components, connections, and functions of a certain circuit design.

19. SMT

Surface Mount Technology. This is one of two methods of attaching or soldering electronic components on a PCB. This method uses shorter legs on its components which are directly soldered on the surface of the board.

20. Subtractive method

A method in PCB fabrication when you take away existing metal coating to reveal the required PCB layout. Opposite of the additive method.

21. Through-hole Technology

This is one of two methods of soldering and mounting electronic pieces on a PCB. The components have long legs that are inserted in holes and then soldered with lead on the other side.

22.Vector photoplotter

This is a device used for plotting CAD images on photographic film. This is slowly replaced by laser photoplotter which gives faster and more accurate images.

23. Via

This is a plated hole in a multi-layered PCB than can electronically connect all the layers to each other.

PCB fabrication is a multi-step process that is mostly carried by PCB machines.PCB fabrication is all about the assembly of circuit boards used in electronics and computers.

Another Look at Memorial Services

There are so many things in life that people tend to avoid talking about. In ordinary conversations, these things are considered taboo. One cannot really get a fruitful conversation out of these since they make people feel the dread that they bring. One of which is death. The whole experience of this phenomenon coupled with the feeling of the unknown does not really help. It makes people all the more frightened even just the thought of it. But they cannot remain in this state for a long time. In one way or another, this should be part of a person’s plans for her and her family’s future.

Planning for a memorial service should be as ordinary as choosing schools for one’s children. Since this is a natural phenomenon, it is better if this is planned way ahead. More than planning on how the departed loved ones should be buried, it is important to pay attention to the memorial service of their departed loved ones.

funerals servicesThere are different aspects that go with the memorial service. More than anything else, the theme of the service should be thought of. The feeling of dreariness is the usual atmosphere in any memorial service. But times are changing. Instead of opting for the usual gloomy tone, families are gradually seeing this event from a wholly different perspective. They take this as an opportunity to celebrate how their loved ones have lived their lives to the fullest. It is like seeing the same experience from a more positive tone because what they are remembering is not death per se, but the happy memories that they associate the person with.

These themes provide a glimpse of everything about the departed. They may want to play music that represents their personalities. They may also consider showing pictures of their departed loved ones to remind them of their interests, hobbies, etc. The possibilities are endless and they just have to be creative.

Funeral Homes Knoxville, Tennessee: What do they offer?

There are funeral homes Knoxville, Tennessee that make this a reality. Families can pay homage to the departed. Poetry, reading of sacred texts and asking the attendees to share their memories of the departed contribute to the entire atmosphere of the memorial service.

Another thing that funeral homes Knoxville, Tennessee offer is visual display. Through the help of the latest technology, the families can immortalize the departed through saving their pictures and memories on a DVD.

Memorial services need not always be a somber celebration. Although being sad about the passing away of a loved one is perennially present, there are several ways that can be done to ease away the pain of their absence. In a way, families can find solace through the idea that their departed loved ones will remain in their hearts. This is not easy in principle and no amount of words can console the families in the fullest sense. There will always be a part of them that remains in constant longing for their loved ones. The next best thing is to provide them with memories that they can cling to until they meet again. To get best memorial services visit

The families of their loved ones can take advantage of the funeral homes Knoxville, Tennessee. They offer this to comfort them and provide them with a peace of mind. They believe that the departed were once a blessing to others so it is just but proper for them to be celebrated before they are sent to their resting place. This goes to show that planning for the departed loved ones should be faced wholeheartedly. It may be painful but it is not always about that. A certain feeling of happiness will also emerge if they remember the fondest memories of their departed loved ones.

An Overview of Lanyards

A lanyard is typically a strip of woven cloth joined at the ends with either a looped end or an attached hook, enabling a person to attach things unto it. Lanyards are said to be first used around the fifteenth century when the French soldiers used these to connect the necessary apparatus for their missions, such as a small flashlight, a whistle and even a small gun.

Thinking it through, these things mentioned can actually be carried around by just putting them in pockets, even by the use of a vest, which is typically worn by soldiers. But, soldiers mainly chose to stick with using a lanyard primarily because it would keep their necessities just in front of them, making them easy to find and use when needed.

Most importantly, a lanyard with proper use makes it difficult for a person to lose the things suspended by it. The proper use of a lanyard depends on what type it is and what type of things it can do.

There are different kinds of lanyards each having its own appropriate use, examples being for small electronics, a card holder, a safety strap or even by just being a simple accessory to be worn by anyone. Small electronics or gadgets such as cell phones are commonly brought by people wherever they go, whether for communication purposes or for entertainment.

LanyardsCommonly, these gadgets are kept through a person’s pockets or bags, which are vulnerable spots especially for very skilled pickpockets, vulnerable even to unintentional losses due to misguided attention of the owner. The difference a gadget lanyard makes is that it is worn either around the person’s neck or wrist, making it easy for the person to monitor his or her gadget and also be able to access them easily and immediately, significantly reducing the chances of losses or stealing.

Another type of lanyard is the card holder, which use is not that different from that of a gadget lanyard, since both are worn either around the neck or wrist. The difference is that the card holder is obviously used for clipping on different kinds of cards such as identification cards. Putting an identification card on a lanyard is quite important because this makes the card easy to be seen by people, especially authorities of the company or school the owner belongs in.

The rope-like cords people see wrapped around a lineman or some hikers are called safety lanyards. These are different from the standard lanyard because a lanyard of this type is much thicker, bigger and obviously more durable as it supports a human being.

A safety lanyard acts like a miniature version of a harness, but is still reliable to be used for safety purposes as it prevents a person from tumbling down the hill or falling down from a high place. An accessory lanyard, on the other hand, has no other definite use rather than just for attraction and for hanging unto things. These are like pieces of jewelry, worn to beautify a person. This type is commonly seen as those with colorful designs, even with logos and other styles.

The purposefulness of lanyards is truly undeniable, as each and every type of these has its own use, making the owner either safer, or more at ease knowing that his or her valuables are just in sight and at easy access. Due to their cheapness for their quality and purposefulness, they are continually supported by people, some even preferring them over expensive harnesses and high quality bags. People who are looking for a cheap way to keep themselves or their belongings safe definitely must try and acquire a lanyard.

How to Prepare in Becoming a Keynote Speaker

To be invited to join other keynote speakers is one of the greatest privileges a person could have. Just think about it – from the dozens of possible choices, you were the one chosen to speak. It just proves that you have the needed performance and knowledge that many others are yet to attain, and that’s why you’ve been picked to become a keynote speaker.

Motivational SpeakerBecause of this, it is imperative for you to intensively prepare for your speech. People will never know how much you’ve achieved and they will never care about how you attained your success, unless you will open your mouth and tell them your story. And in presenting your story, it takes a lot of preparation for you to convey your message perfectly.

Here are some tips in preparing to become a keynote speaker:
• Know your purpose

this is something that all keynote speakers should keep in mind. This will be the basis on how your message will flow. Is your intention to inform, to persuade, to entertain, or to motivate?

• Evaluate the audience

be sensitive and try to know the interests, likes, goals, and fears of your target audience. Without proper evaluation of the target audience, you might end up focusing on yourself too much during your speech. Evaluating your audience will also save your listeners from awkwardness and boredom.

• Choose the right material

you need to get your facts from reliable sources, such as books and published journals, especially when you discuss topics related to science, nature, and the like. At the same time, you also need to get as much material as you can to ensure the reliability and accuracy of the points you’re going to make.

• Make an Outline

to easily say your points during your speech, you should organize them well. Though outlining might not be helpful during the actual performance, it will guide you and allow you to become sufficiently familiar with your speech. This will also make your speech concise yet comprehensive.

• Present facts

provide evidences that will prove your point. You can quote data from reliable sources, present pictures, or tell a true-to-life story to prove the accuracy your points.

• Make an attention-getting opening

openings are definitely crucial in speeches for these will set the mood of the audience, determining whether they will or will not listen to whatever you will say on the podium. Usually, openings are in interrogatory form to encourage the audience to think or reflect. Some also resort to start their speeches with a quote or a pick-up line so that the audience can become a bit more engaged.

• Have a conclusion

conclusions must answer the questions you presented in the speech’s opening. Aside from that, conclusions must serve as a summary of all the points you have presented. Remember, the conclusion should be just as attention-grabbing as the opening.

• Proofread your speech

that is why it is so important for keynote speakers to write all their speeches in paper, allowing them to easily spot errors or identify the need for additional information to be provided. You can also hire a proofreader to lighten your job.

• Take note of the time

you will be only given limited time to deliver your speech. Taking note of the time will allow you to present all the important points in your speech.

Speaking in public can be a gift but for most, it is a skill that needs to be honed. By following these simple but useful tips, you’ll be able to unleash your full potential and you might even become one of the best keynote speakers.

What are Custom Lanyards?

Custom lanyards are very common at schools, companies, and institutions. They serve as an identification and promotional device for students, employees, and members. They are also called the imprinted lanyards because most of them feature logos, texts, and designs.

Custom lanyardsCompanies make use of them during corporate events, meetings, and fairs. That is the time when they meet with other organizations. Wearing a lanyard with the logo and name of the company helps them introduce their products, services, and even their motto. Custom lanyards are made to help the customers choose their desired color, size, and design to better represent their identity.

Not all materials are suited for making custom lanyards. To come up with the best results, you must use nylon, polyester, and woven materials. Nylon lanyards are quite expensive, but they are considered to be of highest quality. They are suited for screen-printing because it can show even the smallest details of the logo. If you don’t want to sacrifice quality but you are on a tight budget, polyester is your best option. It is the most flexible lanyard material because it is suited for most printing techniques. This is the reason why it is the most popular among lanyard materials. Woven lanyards are almost of the same quality as their polyester-based counterparts. From the name itself, the letters and logos are woven into the material. This is what makes the lanyard very durable. The only disadvantage is that you cannot choose a complicated pattern because embroidery is only limited to simple designs.

Several organizations and institutions use custom lanyards because of certain advantages. One example is about the use of identification cards. Whenever an employee arrives at the office, he needs to swipe his ID to gain entry and to log his time. Without a lanyard, he might need to find it inside his bag or his pocket. It takes a lot of time, so having a lanyard is really convenient. Also, custom lanyards usually have the logo or name of the company on them, so the security personnel won’t have a hard time telling apart employees and visitors. Here are some other advantages of custom lanyards:

1 .  Companies may use them as a souvenir given to event attendees.

2.  Mottos and taglines can be printed on these accessories to promote the organization’s mission or goals.

3.  Employees attending a conference or convention may use custom lanyards to promote or introduce their company to other   attendees.

4.  Items attached to these cords can be easily and quickly used.

5.  These prevent items, especially gadgets, from getting accidentally   dropped.

6. Misplacing things won’t be a problem anymore with the help of these cords.

As said, custom lanyards can be considered as promotional items, bringing greater exposure to the company or business. What’s most important is that these accessories don’t require a massive investment. As long as the logo, name, motto, or tagline of the organization is clearly shown on the ID lanyard, it will be effective. Companies and businesses are not the only ones that can use custom lanyards, as schools, hospitals, and other public organizations also benefit from such cords. Lanyards can also be for personal use. Creative people can make their own designs, using those as a statement which shows their personality and beliefs.

Throughout the years, lanyards have proven their durability and usefulness to individuals and companies. They can rely on its effectiveness in marketing and also, in expressing oneself. Without a doubt, anything that’s printed on these cords get noticed by many people. So, it’s only logical to continue using custom lanyards to promote and share products, services, and even personalities.

Things to Consider When Purchasing Depository Safes

deposit-safes-open-patriotIf you are a business owner and your establishment requires your employees and customers to handle cash regularly, then it would be wise for you to buydepository safes.Purchasing them could be one of the best investments your company can make when it comes to security.

This type of safe has a unique feature that allows owners to drop money or other small items in them by inserting it through a small slot. The one who dropped the money into the box may not necessarily have access to what’s inside the box. The control of whatever is in the safe rests on the one that holds the key or the combination. This makes the cash or anything else dropped in the box secure.

Depository safes are especially useful for businesses that don’t have a lot of workers. Without this type of safe, a cashier, or someone in charge of collecting money, could never abandon her post because of security risks. Through this equipment, the personnel in charge of the money does not have to keep his eyes on the box all the time.

These safes are also made out of steel, like ordinary safes.Although they are usually lighter than regular ones, some of these safes are designed with holes at the bottom, which can be bolted to the ground to make them more secure.

Here are some things to consider when purchasing depository safes:

  1. Size–These safes come in different sizes to suit your office set-up and other business needs. The price range iscommonly according to size, but it is money well spent.You should take into account the size of the safe, especially if you require several compartments for different purposes.

The smallest ones have a single door. They can easily be bolted beneath a counter. You can use this to drop your cash, envelopes, night time deposits, and other valuables.

There are also dual-compartment types. These are bigger but can allow tellers to handle money in the bottom compartment without having access to the contents of the upper compartment.

  1. Drop slot – As mentioned above, what’s so special about depository safesis the addition of an open slot in which to insert your valuables. As with sizes, there are also different configurations of slots to consider.

The first one is called front loading drop, and is the most common. The drops are made through the upper front portion of the safe and the parcel falls into a secure chamber.

The second is the rear loading drop. As the name suggests, the opening is at the back side of the safe. This type is used on offices where the locking mechanism of the safe needs additional security. And so while the safe is secured in a locked room, only the back portion of it is exposed so that drops are made from the outside.

The third configuration is the top-loading rotary hopper. This is designed for bigger packages that are deposited on top of the safe. A rotating drum is slowly turned to drop the deposit.

  1. Lock – The locking mechanism of the safe is also an important consideration before purchasing. It will depend on the required level of security that you wish to implement in your company.

The first kind of lock is the combination lock. This is the most common and reliable, but one disadvantage is you have to bring the safe back to the manufacturer for a reset if ever the combination is forgotten or lost or if it is revealed to unaccepted people.

A more advanced type of lock is the electronic keypad lock. It permits quick access and can be reprogrammed right there and then if ever the security codes are compromised. The bad side is that the codes can be easily acquired or hacked in some way.

Another type is the dual-key lock. Dual-key means that there are two keys needed to lock and unlock the safe. Each key is held by two different people. This method gives better security as long as the two persons don’t conspire in stealing the contents of the safe.

These are three things to consider when purchasing depository safes. Happy shopping!